[16], After the abdication of Charles V in 1556, the Habsburg empire was split between his son Philip II of Spain and brother Emperor Ferdinand I. Birth. Black & Tans Overview, History & Legacy | Black & Tans in Ireland. Ecclesia in Ancient Greece: History & Facts | What is an Ecclesia? Their. The National Diet of Japan | Origin, Structure & Building. The marriage had been arranged to cement the recent peace treaty of Cateau-Cambrsis that ended a series of wars with the Spanish for the control of Italy. Brazen Bull: Torture Device & Purpose | What was the Brazen Bull? Grand Coulee Dam: Overview & Facts | Where is the Grand Coulee Dam? Republika Srpska Origin & History | What is the Republika Srpska? While England's Henry II was locked in combat with his rebellious offspring, Philip and his loyal son, Louis, steadily consolidated the scattered territories of their little kingdom. Vesta Mythology & Facts | Who is the Roman Goddess of Hearth & Home? Henry II (1519-1559) of France was the second son of Francis I (1494-1547) and Claude de France (1498-1524) born in 1519 in St. Germain-en-Laye. Andromeda, Greek Princess: Mythology & Story | Who was Andromeda? Samuel Colt Inventions & Quotes | Who Invented the Revolver? Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Reims Campaign have 8 things in common (in Unionpedia): Aquitaine, Brittany, Edward III of England, Edward the Black Prince, Hundred Years' War, John II of France, Reims, Treaty of Brtigny. King Henry II of England was born on March 5, 1133, in Le Mans, the capital of the County of Maine, now in France. He persevered in the Italian Wars against the Habsburgs and tried to suppress the Reformation, even as the Huguenot numbers were increasing drastically in France during his reign. Ullr Origins & Mythology | Who is the Norse God of Snow? When powerful princes of the Holy Roman Empire convened to elect his successor, King Francis I put himself forward as a candidate. Czechoslovakia History & Dissolution | What Happened to Czechoslovakia? Henry and Catherine were the same age, but Henry began an affair with an older woman named Diane de Poitiers, who would come to have great influence over the prince and later king. Louis XVII Family, Imprisonment & Death | Who was Louis Charles? Jack Swigert, Astronaut: Life & Career | Who was Jack Swigert? Orion the Hunter: Story & Constellation | Who is Orion in Greek Mythology? Silesia Location, Culture & Language | Where is Silesia? Despite the best efforts of his physicians, Ambroise Par and Andreas Vesalius, King Henry died 11 days later. Peleus History, Mythology & Facts | Who is Achilles' Father? Philip Augustus (Philip II of France 1165-1223), grandfather of Saint Louis, was one of France's greatest kings. At various points in his life, he controlled England; large parts of Wales; the eastern half of Ireland; and the western half of France, an area that was later called the Angevin Empire. Aztec Architecture: Structures & Design | Temples, Homes & Buildings. RMS Olympic: History, Features, & Facts | What was the Olympic? Vice President Kamala Harris: Life & Career | Who is Kamala Harris? Lehi History, Ideology & Facts | What is the Stern Gang? Henry II introduced the concept of publishing the description of an invention in the form of a patent. Pol Pot Rule, Genocide & Death | Who was Pol Pot? The idea was to require an inventor to disclose his invention in exchange for monopoly rights to the patent. Henry II (5 March 1133 - 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (French: Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress, and Henry Plantagenet, was King of England from 1154 until his death in 1189. Python in Greek Mythology: Role & Location | What was the Python? The Edict also strictly regulated publications by prohibiting the sale, importation or printing of any unapproved book. Via Appia Overview & History | Significance of the Appian Way. Hephthalites History, Empire & Facts | Who were the White Huns? His mother, Catherine de Medici, acted as regent. Lamia Myths & Facts | Who is Lamia in Greek Mythology? Kingdom of Italy | History, Geography & Flag. The Monument to the Heart of Henry II is in the collection of the Louvre, but was originally in the Chapel of Orleans beneath a pyramid. England also joined the fight against France. [10], Henry's reign was marked by the persecution of Protestants, mainly Calvinists known as Huguenots. In 1557, he was briefly betrothed to marry Mary, Queen of Scots when his father attempted to legitimize Sebastian and make him his heir, but the marriage was called . Buttons History, Types & Uses | When Were Buttons Invented? Francis also persecuted Protestants, burning some at the stake. These included a daughter, Diane, and two illegitimate sons, both of whom were named Henri. Brook Farm: Overview, History & Founders | What was Brook Farm? White House History, Facts & Location | When was the White House Built? Church Committee Overview & Hearings | What was the Church Committee? Geronimo Overview, Life & Tribe | Who was Geronimo? Rainier III, Prince of Monaco: Life & Reign | Who was Rainier III? 18yh May 1152. Hachiman, Japanese God of War: Mythology & Symbol | Who is Hachiman? The second son of Francis I and Duchess Claude of Brittany, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis in 1536.. As a child, Henry and his elder brother spent over four years in captivity in Spain as hostages in exchange for their father. Philip Mountbatten Family, Role & Death | Who was Prince Philip? Lord Shiva the Destroyer | Hindu God of Destruction, Ancient Roman Philosophy | History, Theories & Philosophers. [14], The Italian War of 15511559 began when Henry declared war on Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the intent of recapturing Italy and ensuring French, rather than Habsburg, domination of European affairs. Women's Equality Day History & Purpose | What is Women's Equality Day? Xiuhtecuhtli History & Ceremonies | Who is the Aztec God of Fire? Cray 1 History & Facts | What is the Cray 1 Supercomputer? King Henry the 8th Family, Wives & Reign | Who was King Henry VIII? Key Accomplishments: A powerful force during the reigns of three successive kings, Catherine played a major role in 16th-century politics. Second Temple History & Destruction | Who Destroyed the Second Temple? Histoire de la peinture de portrait en France au XVIe sicle. Wright Flyer: History & First Flight | What was the Kitty Hawk? Daimyo History, Significance & Facts | What is a Daimyo? Nathan Bedford Forrest Overview & Biography | Confederate General & KKK Leader. He married lonor d'Aquitaine on 18 May 1152, in Bordeaux . Ndebele: History, Language & Culture | Who are the Ndebele Tribe? These acquisitions strengthened French borders while the abdication of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in January 1556 and division of his empire between Spain and Austria provided them with greater flexibility in foreign policy. Mary Tudor: Bloody Mary Biography & Facts | Who was Mary I of England? What was accomplished by the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494? Here are the possible solutions for "Queen of Henry II of France" clue. After his father died, Henry ascended to the throne. USS Indianapolis: History & Sinking | What Happened to the Indianapolis? Millets in the Ottoman Empire | System History, Concept & Facts. Serqet Overview & Mythology | Who is the Egyptian Goddess Serqet? Born 31 March 1519 (1519-03-31) Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. Monaco: Overview, Population & Facts | Where is Monaco? Also known as Henry of Valois of the Capetian dynasty, he was the second son of King Francis I. Sutras: History & Importance | What is a Sutra? Chimera Overview & Facts | What is the Chimera in Greek Mythology? In 1533, Prince Henry married Catherine de' Medici, the daughter of the ruler of Florence, an ally of France. Children: 10, including Francis II of France; Charles IX of France; Henry III of France; Margaret of Valois and Francis . Act of Supremacy in 1534 | Overview, History & Significance, Khmer Rouge Regime | History, Leaders & Cambodian Genocide. Its like a teacher waved a magic wand and did the work for me. Nymph in Greek Mythology: Types & Names | What is a Nymph? Austria Location, Capital & Population | Where is Austria? Justice Sonia Sotomayor: Life & Career | Who is Sonia Sotomayor? Eva Braun: Life & Death | Who was Hitlers Wife? Narayana Origin & Legends | Who is Lord Narayana in Hinduism? 5th March 1133. In a freak accident, he was stabbed through the eye by a shard from a lance, and after several days of suffering, he died of sepsis. Indus River Valley Writing System | History, Script & Language, Colonial Relations with Native Americans | History & Conflict, First Life on Earth | Facts, Timeline & First Living Thing. Dancing Plague Cause & Origin | What was the Dancing Plague of 1518? Henry II was a fervent Catholic on the edge of fanaticism, and was the initiator of the religious war against the Huguenots. He died (1559) following a fortuitous accident during a knightly joust. While France lost territory as a result of the agreement, it gained some land near its border with the Holy Roman Empire and in the English territory of Calais. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. James Bowie Life & the Alamo | Who was James Bowie? Following his death, Catherine sent Diane into exile, where she lived in comfort on her own properties until her death. Kushan Empire Overview, History & Facts | What was the Kushan Empire? Otis Redding Songs, Death & Biography | Who was Otis Redding? Canada Day History & Facts | What is Dominion Day? City of Harappa: Location & History | What is Harappa? Prisoners of War: History, Facts & Examples | What are POWs? Sun Gods Overview, Mythologies & Facts | Who are the Sun Gods & Goddesses? Henry, flamboyant and androgynous, was, according to the BBC, Catherine's favorite son. To celebrate the end of the war, Henry II held a jousting tournament. Federal Theatre Project Origin & Purpose | What was the FTP in the New Deal? Presidents' Day History & Facts | Presidents' Day Overview. He was succeeded by his first son with Catherine de' Medici, Francis II, who died shortly into his reign. Early Twentieth Century U.S. History | America in the Early 1900s. [17], The Peace was signed between Henry and Elizabeth I of England on 2 April[18] and between Henry and Philip of Spain on 3 April 1559 at Le Cateau-Cambrsis. St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle | History, Burials & Importance, House of Tudor: English Dynasty | Period, History & Family Tree, New York Central: History & Timeline | Connecting the East & Midwest, Speyer Cathedral in Germany | History, Architecture, & Sections, Battle of Milvian Bridge | History, Cause & Outcome, Saint Catherine's Monastery in Egypt | Location, History & Significance. The Raft of the Medusa by Theodore Gericault | Painting, Features & Facts. Henry was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, on March 31, 1519.His parents were Francis I of France and Claude of France.. The focus of Henry's conflict with the Habsburgs shifted to Flanders, where Philip, in conjunction with Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, defeated the French at the St Quentin. Hoping to prevent Charles from securing control of Italy, Francis mobilized his armies against him. Arab Spring History, Causes & Facts | What was the Arab Spring? Ancient Roman Education | Structure, Content & Types of Schools. Cockney: Origin, Dialect, & Region | Where is Cockney Spoken? Chaos in Greek Mythology: Overview & Facts | Who was Chaos? Chief Red Cloud War, Significance & History | Who was Red Cloud? On Henry's death, his son became king, but he died young. John Laurens: Life, Career & Legacy | Who was John Laurens? All rights reserved. Uncle Sam: History, Posters & Catchphrase | Who is Uncle Sam? Hermann Goering Life, Career & Trial | Who was Hermann Goering? The Great Game History & Outcome | What was the Great Game? Henry also contended with the rise of Protestantism in his country. But the monarch faced a gruesome death of his own when he was stabbed through the eye by a lance during a jousting tournament in 1559. Grace Kelly Life, Career & Death | Who was Grace Kelly? He inherited the throne after the death of his older brother. After many years, the war ended with the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrsis, which gave Spain dominion over half of Italy. The parlous financial state of Edward's government forced a settlement in 1550, which involved both the surrender of Boulogne and the evacuation of Scotland. Tulip Mania Overview & Crash | What was Tulip Mania? Cambodia Map, People & Language | Where is Cambodia? Younger Brothers: Members & Role | Who were the Younger Brothers? Having inherited the throne as an infant, his incompetency for government was a contributing factor to the Wars of the Roses and ultimately his murder on 21 May 1471. Second Estate Members & Roles | What was the Second Estate? Mystery Cults History & Characteristics | What are Mystery Religions? U.S. Army Signal Corps (USASC) | History, Role & Importance. The description is called a patent "specification". Jord, Norse Earth Goddess | Mythology, Family & Names, Belenus Mythology, Cult & Facts | The Celtic God of Fire, Appeasement in World War II | Overview, History & Policy, Compromise Tariff of 1833 History & Facts | The Tariff of 1833. Three of those sons would all live long enough to be king themselves, but their ineffectual reigns, and the unpopularity of Catherine's regency, helped to spark the French Wars of Religion between Catholics and Protestants, and an eventual end to the House of Valois as France's ruling dynasty. Beautiful plank top, forged iron drop pull, two upper drawers, and double door lower cabinet with key. Angkor Wat: History, Location & Architecture | What is Angkor Wat? Estado Novo History & Ideology | What was Estado Novo in Portugal? Arthur Henry Knighton Hammond (British, 1875-1970) Valley of the Durance, France (unframed) 300 - 500. Battle of Verdun History & Importance | Who Won the Battle of Verdun? Mulberry Harbours: Overview & History | What were the Mulberry Harbours? Houthi Movement in Yemen | Overview, Leader & Goals. Mary Celeste: History, Abandonment & Theories | What was the Mary Celeste? Fort Necessity History, Battle & Significance | Battle of Fort Necessity. Henry II of France (March 31, 1519 - July 10, 1559) was a King of France and a member of the house of Valois.Henry was crowned King in Rheims, France, on July 25, 1547.. Bohemian Grove History, Members & Facts | What is the Bohemian Grove? John Hinckley, Jr. Overview & Facts | Who Shot Ronald Reagan? Orpheus & Eurydice Story | Mythology, History & Characters, Education in the Middle Ages | Schools, History & Facts, The Fujiwara Clan | History, Power & Influence. 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